Turkey as an emerging donor in the development community: The Turkish-type Development Assistance Model (TDAM)

Turhan Y.

Development Policy Review, vol.40, no.4, 2022 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/dpr.12583
  • Journal Name: Development Policy Review
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, CAB Abstracts, EconLit, Geobase, Index Islamicus, PAIS International, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Keywords: Development Assistance Committee (DAC), emerging donor, foreign aid, official development assistance (ODA)
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


© The Authors 2021. Development Policy Review © 2021 Overseas Development Institute.Motivation: Over the past two decades, development communities have been intensively discussing the development assistance provided by emerging donors. Among these donors, although a relative newcomer to the development scene, Turkey has cut a distinctive figure, portraying itself as a great emerging power of its own accord. Purpose: Though the modality of Turkish aid is paraded in the scholarly literature, this growing interest does not specifically explore the catch-all term of “Turkish-type development assistance model” (TDAM), developed for Turkish official development assistance (ODA) in 2016 to address the geopolitical, cultural, and religious landscape in a larger context. This article examines TDAM hitherto uncharted terrain, scrutinizing its patterns, characteristics, content, and modality. Methods and approach: Applying an interpretive analytical framework allied with critical discourse analysis. Findings: This article concludes that the concept of TDAM renders inclusive, cost-effective, horizontal, peer-based, and solidarity-oriented aid relations with the recipient. Juxtaposed with the “virtuous power” paradigm of Turkey, this article reveals four main characteristics of TDAM that separate it from other emerging donors: a multitrack approach, a “human face” emphasis, the proximity of recipients, and a new discourse. Policy implications: Turkish-type debates about the changing landscape of development aid with a more critical analytical approach offer insights for broader development studies. A powerful engagement of Turkish foreign aid within an emerging donor landscape could be a new modality for the development community, thus the analysis of TDAM in this research hints at why this is the case or how this might matter for the evolving politics of aid.