The Crisis of Folkloric Heritage and Its Social Effects from Organic Doctrine to Postmodern Digital Policy


Ozturk A., EMRE İ.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.128, pp.153-162, 2020 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Sociological abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.153-162
  • Keywords: Folkloric heritage, postmodernism, digitalism, social change, crisis
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

In the modern era, all forms of production that build a society have undergone many oriented-intended or necessary changes. Although folklore is a modern definition, its ontology, function and role are as old as human history. However, modernization, industrialization, postmodern and digital revolution influenced and transformed the natural adventure of folkloric productions. In a period that we could call classical, folkloric elements assumed constructive and directing roles with their natural, human and social functions. When we came to the modern era, this role of construction and direction was combined with macro-political objectives and gained a primary political dimension. With this aspect, it was redefined as an important form of identity construction. In addition, local folkloric elements in Westernizing societies have long faced legal restrictions and some pejorative practices. Instead, western folklore began to influence other societies through various modern means. When we came to the postmodern and digital era, local elements gained some advantages. But the natural production of the classical period, the structural factor of the modern era, the folkloric heritage, digital reductionist, externalized, instrumentalized, consumption and articulated roles in the growing industry of the global market, almost completely lost its classical functions and reduced its modern functions. In shaping a society by folkloric effects, we are talking about a vivid, dynamic, touching and touching form of production that affects all the processes of the individual born from the details of daily life and perhaps affects the capillaries of daily life. Folkloric productions match up with the dynamic, organic mechanisms of human communities. Even many folkloric process have been shaped as virtual, fictional forms, its productions are not completely capable of being engineering studies. But folkloric productions relay on a certain tradition, we can talk about an organic, open to interpretation, lively and personality situation from period to individual, from situation to future. Folkloric elements became a part of direct engineering work, a commercial commodity, a digital effect and so on step by step. Naturally, becoming part of the industrial culture forced it to lose its natural function completely. Furthermore, folkloric elements lost their classical role in organizing social dynamism due to this transformation. This implies that not only folkloric productions go into crisis, but also social construction and social formations are deeply shaken by such situation. In this context, some determinations and suggestions have been made by analyzing the nature and direction of folkloric changes in accordance with the definition of classical period, modern period and postmodern digital period. The study is a comparative and theoretical study.