Maximum likelihood estimation of spatial lag models in the presence of the error-prone variables

Eralp A., Gokmen S., DAĞALP R.

Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, vol.52, no.10, pp.3229-3240, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03610926.2022.2147795
  • Journal Name: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Veterinary Science Database, zbMATH, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.3229-3240
  • Keywords: error-prone variables, simulation study, spatial autoregressive model, Spatial econometrics models, spatial lag model
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


ABSTRACT–: The literature has recently devoted close attention to error-prone variables. Nevertheless, only a small number of research have considered measurement error in spatial econometric models. The presence of measurement error in the spatial econometric models needs to be considered as a result of the rise in spatial data analysis, as the relationship between the spatial correlation and measurement error influences parameter estimation. Therefore, in this study, the impacts of classical measurement error on the parameter estimation of the spatial lag model are theoretically examined for both response and explanatory variables. Then, using simulation studies, finite sample properties are investigated for various situations. The major findings indicate that although error-prone response variable has an opposing bias effect on parameter estimations, error-prone explanatory variables have a significant influence effect on the bias of parameter estimations. As a result, it is occasionally possible to obtain unbiased estimates only in certain circumstances.