Synthesis and kinetic analysis of poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) brushes via surface initiated RAFT polymerization

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Mutlutürk E., Çaykara T.

Turkish Journal of Chemistry, vol.47, no.1, pp.185-195, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0527.3528
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Chemical Abstracts Core, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.185-195
  • Keywords: poly(N-acryloyl morpholine), Polymer brushes, surface-initiated RAFT polymerization
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


Polymer brushes are promising many applications as smart materials and biocompatible surfaces. Surface-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization is one of the most effective techniques for synthesis of well-defined polymer brushes. Herein, a biocompatible, uniform and stable poly(N-acryloylmorpholine)-silicon hybrid system was achieved using surface-initiated RAFT polymerization. Evidence of a well-controlled surface-initiated RAFT polymerization was confirmed by a linear increase of number average molecular weight (Mn) with overall monomer conversions. Water contact angle, ellipsometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy verified the presence of poly(N-acryloylmorpholine) (poly(NAM)) on silicon wafers. The grafting density (σ) and the average distance between grafting points (D) were estimated to be 0.58 chains/nm2 and 1.5 nm, respectively. The ratio of D value to radius of gyration (Rg) value is smaller than 1 (D/2Rg < 1), which corresponds to the brush regime of all grafted poly(NAM) films.