A Study of Bilingual Education Policies for Minorities in China in the 20th Century


MADEN KALKAN Ç.

SELCUK UNIVERSITESI EDEBIYAT FAKULTESI DERGISI-SELCUK UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF LETTERS, vol.45, pp.49-62, 2021 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: SELCUK UNIVERSITESI EDEBIYAT FAKULTESI DERGISI-SELCUK UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF LETTERS
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.49-62
  • Keywords: China, bilingual, bilingualism, minorities, education policies
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Bilingualism, which derives its origins from sociology and linguistics, is a rapidly developing and complex field of linguistics in particular. The diffuculty of the Chinese language has led to the constant government simplification of the language for many years, but this simplification of the language has made the situation more difficult for minorities in rural areas. The aim of this study is, to evaluate bilingualism and its positive and negative consequences over minorities in China. In the study, the decisions and laws of the government during the historical process were used. In addition to the attitude of the government on this issue, the perspectives of Chinese scholars on bilingual education were investigated, and bilingual education policies and their implementation in Chinese minority schools were examined. In this study in a narrow sense, a second language emerged for minorities in addition to their own and the difficulties in this process were tried to be overcome by supporting the government's education policies; in a broad sense, it was concluded that multilingual education for passive groups in society and multicultural education for dominant groups should be functionalized in two ways.