A Comparative Essay on the Perception of State in Turkish Thought: Namik Kemal and Ibn Haldun


Samlioglu K.

BILIG, no.95, pp.27-46, 2020 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Name: BILIG
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Index Islamicus, Linguistic Bibliography, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Political Science Complete, Sociological abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-46
  • Keywords: Namik Kemal, Ibn Haldun, state, man, literature
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

State is a fact on which human sciences have mostly produced problems in theoretical context. This study is intended to deal with the views of Namik Kemal, a philosopher of Tanzimat, on the state from political, cultural and literary perspectives. While examining Namik Kemal's view of the state, especially Ibn Haldun, who tried to determine the theoretical foundations of the state on the basis of Islamic civilization, would offer a chance for a sample comparison. Determining a five-step anthropomorphic theoretical framework that would affect the western world, Ibn Haldun qualifies the state with the process of rise-and-fall like a natural human life. In this sense, the state is designed as a finite organic structure and is supposed to face a natural process of death or fall in the course of time. On the contrary, Namik Kemal suggests that the state could as well be sustained if man kept his conditions along with sustainable cultural and spiritual foundations. In a sense, the political theory that the state could keep alive with man is worth thinking over within the context of Namik Kemal.