© The Royal Society of Chemistry.Nanofibers with inorganic nanoparticles are novel hybrid nanocomposites that have great potential in various areas. In the present study, cellulose acetate nanofibers (CA-Nf) loaded with biogenic silver nanoparticles were prepared and characterized. In situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles was accomplished using a bacteria free solution as a reducing agent. Nanofibers incorporated with silver nanoparticles were fabricated using the electrospinning technique. Upright microscopy and SEM micrographs depicted that the CA-Nf coatings consist of dense and compact entangled nanofibers that completely cover the copper surface. Corrosion measurements were performed by potentiodynamic polarization measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques on the bare copper and CA-Nf and CA-Nf_5% AgNp coated copper surfaces in artificial seawater (ASW) and Escherichia coli ATCC 13883 inoculated solutions. Weight loss and electrochemical corrosion test results revealed that the CA-Nf-coated copper had greater corrosion resistance than bare copper. The additional electrospun CA-Nf_5% AgNp coating also had greater antibacterial behavior toward model biofilm bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa than uncoated copper specimens. Therefore, this nanofiber with AgNps was demonstrated as an efficient anticorrosive material in both corrosive and biocorrosive marine solutions.