Determinants of External Debt: The Case of Malaysia


3rd International Conference on Banking and Finance Perspectives, ICBFP 2018, Famagusta, Cyprus (Gkry), 25 - 27 April 2018, pp.16-33 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-01784-2_2
  • City: Famagusta
  • Country: Cyprus (Gkry)
  • Page Numbers: pp.16-33
  • Keywords: Causality, External debt, Malaysia, VECM
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.Since the 1980’s, Malaysia’s external debt has been on an increase as a result of several economic factors, including two economic crises. Rapid increase in the external debt has become a national concern. In this study, we aim to investigate the determinants of Malaysia’s external debt for the period of 1970 to 2013 by using annual data. For this aim, we have performed the Johansen cointegration test, vector error correction model (VECM), and Granger causality test. The findings show that there is a long-run relationship between the variables and the GDP, recurrent and capital expenditure Granger causes external debt. These findings indicate that GDP growth is a solution for the external debt problem. In contrast, we believe that recurrent expenditures should especially be kept under control, and we offer several policy recommendations, such as reforming subsidy systems. Also, finding alternative sources to finance capital expenditure is important for a healthy growth of the economy.