Disposable Amperometric Biosensor Based on Poly-L-lysine and Fe3O4 NPs-chitosan Composite for the Detection of Tyramine in Cheese


DALKIRAN B., Erden P. E. , KAÇAR SELVİ C., Kılıç E.

Electroanalysis, vol.31, no.7, pp.1324-1333, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/elan.201900092
  • Journal Name: Electroanalysis
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1324-1333
  • Keywords: Tyramine, screen-printed electrodes, biosensor, poly-L-lysine, Fe3O4 nanoparticles, CARBON-PASTE ELECTRODE, BIOGENIC-AMINES, ELECTROCHEMICAL BIOSENSOR, HORSERADISH-PEROXIDASE, IMMOBILIZATION, TYROSINASE, NANOTUBE, SENSOR, BIOCOMPOSITE, POLYPYRROLE
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, WeinheimAn amperometric tyramine biosensor based on poly-L-lysine (PLL) and Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4NP) modified screen printed carbon electrode (SPCE) was developed. PLL was formed on the SPCE by the electropolymerization of L-lysine. Subsequently, Fe3O4NP suspension prepared in chitosan (CH) solution was casted onto the PLL/SPCE. Tyrosinase (Ty) enzyme was immobilized onto the modified Fe3O4−CH/PLL/SPCE and the electrode was coated with Nafion to fabricate the Ty/Fe3O4−CH/PLL/SPCE. Different techniques including scanning electron microscopy, chronoamperometry (i–t curve), cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were utilized to study the fabrication processes, electrochemical characteristics and performance parameters of the biosensor. The analytical performance of the tyramine biosensor was evaluated with respect to linear range, sensitivity, limit of detection, repeatability and reproducibility. The response of the biosensor to tyramine was linear between 4.9×10−7–6.3×10−5 M with a detection limit of 7.5×10−8 M and sensitivity of 71.36 μA mM−1 (595 μA mM−1 cm−2). The application of the developed biosensor for the determination of tyramine was successfully tested in cheese sample and mean analytical recovery of added tyramine in cheese extract was calculated as 101.2±2.1 %. The presented tyramine biosensor is a promising approach for tyramine analysis in real samples due to its high sensitivity, rapid response and easy fabrication.