Examination of the fairytales compiled from fairytale mother arife Şafak according to the contextual theory Masal anasi arife şafak’tan derlenen masallarin bağlamsal kurama göre incelenmesi

Şafak D.

Milli Folklor, vol.2019, no.122, pp.64-75, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2019 Issue: 122
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: Milli Folklor
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.64-75
  • Keywords: Audience, Context of storytelling, Contextual Theory, Fairytale, Storyteller
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: No


© 2019, Milli Folklor Dergisi. All rights reserved.Folklore has changed from the nineteenth century to the present in terms of theoretical and practical applications. According to the contextual theory that emerged as one of the results of this change, it would be incomplete to examine the verbal culture product based on the written text only, the context in which the text emerged and the gender of the actor, the execution time and space, the characteristics of the audience should also be examined. Otherwise, the change of the text with the change of the narrator, the audience and the context of narration constituting the context of the narrative will be ignored. Even if the narrator is the same, the difference between the audience and the context of narration affects the text of the tale and the length of the tale. Therefore, the same narrator’s performance of narration in different contexts is important because it will bring with it the possibility to compare contextually. In this study, it is assumed that it is necessary to know the social context in which the text is created in order to be able to evaluate the text correctly. For this purpose, it is ensured that the fairytale mother Arife Şafak told stories to different audiences in four different contexts. The fairytales “Lazy Girl” and “The Seven Goat Puppies” from the narrator’s repertoire have been selected as examples and narrated to each group. Thus, it is aimed to reveal the effect of the audience profile on the fairy tale text by means of the change seen in these fairytales in different audience groups. The narrator narrated a total of six fairytales in four groups, including the two fairy tales. In the selection of the fairytales that the narrator would use other than the two fairytales, no attitude was directed towards her, and the choice of four fairytales was left entirely to her. In this way, it was aimed to observe the effect of the storyteller on the choice of fairytales and the characteristics of the listener group on the choice of fairytales. In this research, it was determined that the narrator chose the fairytale to be told according to the audience’s characteristics and tastes. In addition, it was determined that the elements related to context, such as communication, execution time and space between the narrator and the audience, were effective on the duration and the text of fairytale.