According to the Islamic belief, Muslims living in various regions, based on the principle of making every Muslim who is free, mentally healthy and entitled to make a pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime, have to live in Mecca in the first half of the month of Zilhicce. According to their distance from Mecca, they used to make their way to Mecca and Medina in crowded caravans days ago. The most ideal pilgrimage route for Anatolian Muslims was the Syrian caravan route. This road, consisting of Damascus-Amman-Karak-Ma 'an-Thbuk-Medain Salih- al-'Ula and Medina line, was an important caravan route that dates back to ancient times and connects Hejaz to Syria, and therefore to Anatolia and Mesopotamia. It was connected to Istanbul and the Balkans through Adana-Konya-Akehir and Iznik in the west direction. Pilgrim candidates coming from these main roads and other secondary roads connecting Anatolia from north to south and east to west would join in Damascus and set out to go to Hejaz with the pilgrimage caravan created there.