Four paths forty posts in collected poems of Eşrefoǧlu Rûmî Eşrefoǧlu Rûmî dîvâni'nda dört kapi kirk makam

Özkan F. H.

Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi, vol.59, pp.253-278, 2011 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 59
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Journal Name: Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.253-278
  • Keywords: Ahmed Yesevî, Eşrefoǧlu Rûmî, Four paths forty posts, Sûfîstic Turkish literature
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: No


Four Paths refer the concepts of "shariat, order of dervishes, skill and truth". Shariat contains the basic principles of Islamic religious such as belief and worship. Order of dervishes contains the systemized thought of Sufism. Skill and truth contain the knowledge of the unique creator's, God's (Allah), names, attributes and actions and coexistence of person himself in God's existence. This four Paths explain the Dervishes' sufistic travelling, i.e. explanation of the processes of being perfect person via reaching to God. Dedvishes will complete his mistic travelling through passing these four Paths, respectively. Forthy Posts contain the principles of effort, repentance, bounty etc. in these Four Paths. If Dervishes follow these principles, he will find the truth and reach religious skill. These principles have been explained to Dervishes mainly by poems, due to being permanent and easy learning, and hence a sûfîstic literature has been taken form. The aim of pointing out the Sûfîstic literature's productions is to teach the sufistic principles to who reads or listens t them. Ahmed Yesevî, who introduced the first example of sûfîstic Turkish literature, affects the sûfîstic Turkish literature developing in Anatolia. His discipline "Four Paths Forty Posts" displayed in his work called Fakrnâme was given tongue from his followers like Yunus Emre. It was identified that the discipline "Four Paths Forty Posts" also took place in the poems of Eşrefoǧlu Rûmî, an important follower of Yunus Emre in XIV-XV. centuruies, and it was displayed with samples in this article.