THE RAW SKIN PROCESSING AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF LEATHER IN THE CONTEXT OF CULTURAL HERITAGE


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TOZUN H., Cinar N.

SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY, vol.29, no.2, pp.371-397, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.29135/std.610128
  • Journal Name: SANAT TARIHI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF ART HISTORY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.371-397
  • Keywords: leather, tanning, definition, artifact, cultural heritage

Abstract

The use of leather has a long history in the historical process. Raw hides have been made available to different human cultures throughout history by using a kind of leather processing technology. Leather production was made with primitive methods for the first time, thanks to the experience and experience gained, the skins were processed consciously over time. Turks have a special place in the development of leatherworking. Both the nomadic lifestyle and the widespread animal husbandry are important factors in the development of this profession among the Turks. The leather tanned by the Turks has been recognized all over the world for its color and quality. The goat leather tanned with the method developed in vegetable tanning especially in the Ottoman period was recognized as Turkish leather all over the world under the name of saffian. There are many leather works made of these leathers, each of which is a representative of the rich past. Leather has been used in many areas from clothing to housing, from war technology to transportation, from bags to furniture. Works made of hides and skins have historical, cultural, or artistic value. The maintenance and protection of leather works that are cultural heritage are carried out within the framework of certain principles. Before any protection intervention to the work, it is important to understand the properties of the material from which the work is made and by which method it is produced. The purpose of this study is to identify the skin in the content of the subject determined for this reason and to determine its properties. The data compiled with the literature survey, the properties of the leather, and the production process of the raw skin from the animal until the finished product were examined. In the works in which the leather is used partially or completely, the distortions caused by various factors in the original structure of the skin are mentioned. It is thought that this study, which has an important place at the level of quality and quantity, for the recognition of leathers in terms of protecting the leatherwork and ensuring sustainability, will contribute to the protection of cultural heritage.