The hero who brings the spring: Bamsı beyrek Bahari Getiren Kahraman: Bamsi Beyrek


Milli Folklor, vol.2015, no.107, pp.34-48, 2015 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2015 Issue: 107
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Journal Name: Milli Folklor
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.34-48
  • Keywords: Bamsı beyrek, Natural cycle, Spring myhts, Tales of dede korkut
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


© 2015, Milli Folklor Dergisi. All rights reserved.Texts of Dede Korkut attract attention with their multilayered structure. Texts which narrate the social, cultural, moral and strategic aspects of Oğuz tribes are full of archaic myth elements which remain between the lines. Therefore, texts need to be read considering their mythical layers for a holistic understanding of these texts. The narrative Bay Büre Oğlu Bamsı Beyrek in Dede Korkut narratives may not be comprehended thoroughly by taking just one layer into consideration. It is possible to see Islamic elements and also pre-Islamic beliefs and customs as well in these texts which are also described as the texts of transitional period. In this paper, Bay Büre Oğlu Bamsı Beyrek of Dede Korkut tribes is tried to be analyzed with an aspect which is overlooked up to today. Beyrek, in this article, is considered as a hero who is impersonated as the symbolic expression of the processes concerning the world as a planet. The journey of Bamsı Beyrek as a hero is read rather becoming the symbolic manifestation of natural events or an individual journey. When the narrative is observed closely, it seen that, motifs are built with a circularity reminding spring myths and rituals. Being the basic motifs of the narrative, many elements such as childlessness, child marriage, meeting of Bamsı Beyrek and Banu Çiçek, depiction of the field on which Banu Çiçek’s marquee is located, intense hunt of Dede Korkut and Deli Karçar contain myth particles regarding the coming of spring. Hence, motifs in question are analyzed in the paper and also circular construction in the narrative Bay Büre Oğlu Bamsı Beyrek is revealed by giving examples from Turkish and world mythology.