The Glass Pendant from the Excavations of the Acropolis of Olba

Erten E.

OLBA, vol.27, pp.331-344, 2019 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Journal Name: OLBA
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.331-344
  • Keywords: Cilicia, Rough Cilicia, Olba, Phoenicia, Rod-Formed Glass Pendant
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


The rod-formed glass pendant discovered in 2017 during the excavations of the acropolis of Olba in Rough Cilicia (Mersin Silifke Orenkoy, Turkey) is a member of a well-defined group of artifacts in glass studies. These pendants are usually considered typical products of Phoenicia - Carthage having a large distribution in the ancient world. They were found in many findspots in the Eastern Mediterranean, such as Phoenicia, Cyprus, North Africa, Rhodes, Greece, Southern Italy, Sicily, Spain, France, Switzerland and the Adriatic coast as well as the Black Sea. Finds from Ephesus - Artemision, Caunus - Sanctuary of Demeter, Halicarnassus - Maussolleion, Gaziantep Duluk Baba Tepesi - Sanctuary of luppiter Dolichenus, Adana Ceyhan Sirkeli Hoyuk Mersin Tarsus Gozlukule, Amasya Oluz Hoyuk as well as the recent find from the acropolis of Olba reveal that the rod-formed pendants were considerably frequent in Anatolia. The production of rod-formed glass pendants starts as early as the seventh century BC. and the latest examples belong to the third century BC or even later to the first century BC. The rod-formed (shaped on a metal rod) glass pendant from Olba has a height of 2.2 cm and a maximum width of 1.5 cm. The head and tooled or moulded features of the face (except for the eyes) were made of brick-coloured glass while very dark blue-black glass was used for the applied eyes. Two colours of glass (dark blue and yellow) were used for the head-band (turban).