Eskişehir Seyyit Battal Gazi Dervish Lodge Sheikh Şükrü [Şükrü Arıkaya] Baba’s Life, Works and His Capture by the Greeks: Memoir (Hatırat) of Şükrü ESKİŞEHİR SEYYİT BATTAL GAZİ DERGÂHI ŞEYHİ ŞÜKRÜ [ŞÜKRÜ ARIKAYA] BABA’NIN HAYATI ESERLERİ VE YUNANLILARA ESİR DÜŞMESİ: HATIRAT-I ŞÜKRÜ


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Taşğin A., Taşğin H., Jable E., Hüdaverdi E.

Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi, vol.100, pp.427-460, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.34189/hbv.100.019
  • Journal Name: Turk Kulturu ve Haci Bektas Veli - Arastirma Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.427-460
  • Keywords: Civil Prisoner, Greek, Hakkı Aydoğdu, Milos, Seyitgazi, Seyyit Battal Gazi, Şükrü Arıkaya

Abstract

© 2021 Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University. All rights reserved.This study deals with the life and works of Şükrü Baba, the last postnişin of Seyyit Battal Gazi Lodge, and his captivity to the Greeks. Şükrü was born in Seyitgazi district in 1873, he was brought up in a lodge and educated in the lodge, he is the owner of printed and non-printed works, he served in the lodge during the Ottoman and Turkish Republic periods, and died in Eskişehir in 1948. He supported the National Struggle and was therefore taken prisoner by the Greeks. When the Greeks reached Seyitgazi, they bombarded the Dervish Lodge with artillery and a dervish, his son and daughter died here. Then, with the success of the National Struggle, he was among the civilians taken prisoner by the Greeks. He was taken to Greece with his nephew Hakkı Aydoğdu and held captive for twenty months. Şükrü described his captivity to the Greeks in a manuscript called “Hatırat”. This study primarily used his own captivity and his writing memories about what the Greeks did in Seyitgazi as a source. In addition, the names of Şükrü and his nephew Hakkı were determined from the records of the civilian prisoners in the “Kızılay” Archive. According to the stories in the Kızılay Archive, researches and Memoirs, Şükrü Baba and Hakkı Baba, who were staying in the prison camp on the Greek island of Milos, were subjected to inhuman treatment along with other prisoners. Şükrü is the owner of a book in which he tells the history of Seyitgazi and two printed works named Hedaya, in which the twelve imams are also told. His Divan, which consists of his poems, is not published. He published the poems of the Pir Mehmet Dede and Ali İlhami Dede in the “Seyitgazi Tarihi”. Seyitgazi Lodge; It was followed along with the Bektashi Lodges, which were closed by the II. Mahmut, and it was not closed, it was allowed to continue as a madrasah in the Nakşi manner. Pir Mehmet was the sheikh during this period and Ali İlhami, an influential figure like himself, came after him. The activities of the dervish lodge were carried on in the Babagan style, that is, with loyalty to the Bektashi order instead of the order practiced by the descendants. With this change, activities were began among the Bektashi communities in Rumeli, and with two trips, the services of the communities here were began to be seen under the name of Seyyit Battal Gazi Dervish Lodge.