Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol.412, no.8, pp.1933-1946, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.Biogenic amine biosensors, based on screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCE) modified with Prussian blue (PB) and indium tin oxide nanoparticles (ITONP), are reported. PB/ITONP-modified SPCE was further modified with diamine oxidase (DAO) or monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes to construct the biosensors. The morphology of the modified electrodes was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were used to enlighten the electrochemical properties of the modified electrodes at each step of biosensor fabrication. Electrode surface composition and experimental conditions were optimized and analytical performance characteristics of the biosensors were studied. Several biogenic amines were tested and both biosensors responded to histamine, putrescine and cadaverine. DAO/ITONP/PB/SPCE biosensor exhibited the highest response to histamine 6.0 × 10−6–6.9 × 10−4 M with a sensitivity of 1.84 μA mM−1. On the other hand, the highest sensitivity was obtained for cadaverine with the MAO/ITONP/PB/SPCE biosensor. The analytical utility of the presented biosensors were illustrated by the determination of cadaverine and histamine in cheese sample.