Institutionalization efforts that started in 1978 in Turkey have been going on for approximately forty years. Within this process, the budget, staff and authorities of environmental public administration were left weak. It failed to show the expected performance in any period and could not function effectively. Since the initial period when the environmental organization was established as an Undersecretariat, its conflict of authority with other public entities and institutions has not ended and it has had to function in coordination with these institutions which had all organized and completed their institutionalization prior to the environmental organization. The managerial problems are not only limited to conflicts and the overlap of authorities, duties and responsibilities. Uncertainty and instability in environmental organization prevent the development of an effective environmental administration system. Currently, the reorganization of environmental administration is still ongoing. Institutionalization is a significant problem in Turkey, and improving environmental protection is not possible without solving this problem.