The Adjacency Matrix of One Type of Directed Graph and the Jacobsthal Numbers and Their Determinantal Representation


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YILMAZ F., BOZKURT D.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS, vol.2012, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2012
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2012/423163
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Recently there is huge interest in graph theory and intensive study on computing integer powers of matrices. In this paper, we consider one type of directed graph. Then we obtain a general form of the adjacency matrices of the graph. By using the well-known property which states the (i, j) entry of A(m) (A is adjacency matrix) is equal to the number of walks of length m from vertex i to vertex j, we show that elements of mth positive integer power of the adjacency matrix correspond to well-known Jacobsthal numbers. As a consequence, we give a Cassini-like formula for Jacobsthal numbers. We also give a matrix whose permanents are Jacobsthal numbers.