What were the Implications of the Bolshevik Revolution for the Ottoman State?

Murgul Y.

CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.13, no.26, pp.4-36, 2017 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 26
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.4-36
  • Keywords: Bolshevik Revolution, Enver Pasha, Ottoman-Soviet Relations, First World War, Caucasus Front
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


The Bolshevik Revolution was welcomed with great enthusiasm by the Ottoman State, which suffered from the collapse of the economy and troubled soldiers. The withdrawal of a force that showed the most successful war performance against the Ottoman Empire without any demand and the return of Russian soldiers in the Caucasus Front to home with the influence of anti-war propaganda was equal to the survival of the Ottoman Empire. In the Ottoman press, numerous comments were made about the effects of the Bolshevik Revolution. On the other hand, it is hard to understand how the Bolshevik Revolution, which emerged with the promise of a peaceful future, was contextualised by the Ottoman elites referring to its political and social promises. Enver Pasa and many other Ottoman statesmen generally considered the effects of the Bolshevik Revolution as a matter of geopolitics and power relations. The main objective of this article is to analyze the reaction of the Ottoman State to the Bolshevik Revolution in the light of existing documents. In order to understand the Ottoman authorities's attitude towards the Bolshevik Revolution, both the ideas and policies of the Ottoman statesmen regarding Soviet Russia will be examined.