The Enactment Process of the 1921 Constitution in the Context of the Negotiation and Legislative Methods

TEKİN Y., Iba S.

AMME IDARESI DERGISI, vol.53, no.2, pp.1-18, 2020 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Central & Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-18
  • Keywords: The 1921 Turkish Constitution Act, Grand National Assembly, Constituent Assembly, establish a constitution, Ottoman-Turkish constitutional movements
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


The democratic character of the preparation processes of the 'Turkish constitutional texts is often been the subject of serious criticism and discussion. The 1921 differs from the other Turkish constitutions in terms of both the legislative method and the democratic character of the negotiation process. In this study, the democratic character of the preparation processes of the 1921 Constitution is tried to be revealed by analyzing the negotiation and legislative method of the constitution in the framework of procedures and provisions of the internal regulation. Then, the points which the Grand National Assembly distinguishes itself from the former periods by defining itself as a 'constituent assembly', are stated. And finally, it should be noted that the 1921 Constitution continued the Ottoman tradition in connection with parliamentary continuity and internal regulations.