Grafting parameters and surface free energy components of photosensitive poly(methacrylated spiropyran) brushes

Mutlutürk E., Caykara T.

Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry, vol.59, no.4, pp.307-314, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/10601325.2022.2033124
  • Journal Name: Journal of Macromolecular Science, Part A: Pure and Applied Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.307-314
  • Keywords: Spiropyran, surface free energy, polymer brush, smart materials, surface characterization, POLYMER BRUSHES, SILICON-WAFER, LIQUID MOTION, PHOTOCONTROL, MORPHOLOGY, FLAT
  • Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.Poly(methacrylated spiropyran) (P(MMASP)) brushes on silicon wafers were synthesized using the interface-mediated RAFT polymerization of methacrylated spiropyran (MMASP) monomers to determine their grafting density and surface free energy changes during photoinitiation. The grafting parameters of P(MMASP) layers such as the grafting density (σ), the radius of gyration (Rg) and average distance between polymer chains (D) were calculated. It is found that 1.25 P(MMASP) chains covered per nm2 area of wafers, and the distance between chains was 1.0 nm which is smaller than doubled Rg, 1.1 nm. Thus, P(MMASP) chains overlapped each other and forced themselves to stretch away from the interface. We evaluated the surface free energy components of P(MMASP) brushes during photo initiation. Van Oss-Good method was used to calculate the surface free energy components of brushes. It is found that spiropyran (SP)-merocyanine (MC) system significantly influenced the surface energy components of P(MMASP) brushes. The electron acceptor and electron donor surface free energies of SP and MC form of P(MMASP) brushes were found as (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) respectively. It is concluded that MC form of P(MMASP) brushes possess high base character; whereas, SP forms have low base character.